Myopia is known as nearsightedness in common parlance. People suffering from myopia can see near objects clearly and have a problem viewing distant objects which appear blurred and with less clarity.Myopia has high prevalence in Asian countries up to 80-90% as compared to 30-40% in European countries and the United States, and 10-20% in Africa. Research has proved a relationship between myopia and high IQ.Combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors like near sighted work like reading, computer games, watching TV is one of the reasons for myopia.
Myopia is caused due to change in the curvature of the lens of the eye due to weakening of eye muscles.
Longer exposure to daylight has been proven in a research to help prevent myopia.
Treatment for Myopia
Eye glasses, contact lenses, refractive surgery is the conventional treatment for myopia.
Eye exercises and biofeedback have been known to help myopics .Biofeedback helps in voluntary control of involuntary activities like the urge to urinate, defecate, etc. Biofeedback helps by giving positive signals the brain like positive self talk and the like and hence improves vision. It is widely practiced with good result